24 August 2015

Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz

Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz
Paper details

In the Meditations Descartes develops a philosophical position known as “metaphysical dualism” or “substance dualism,” so called because it views reality in terms of two basic and qualitatively different substances. Spinoza, by contrast, argues that there is one substance, and Leibniz that there is an infinity of substances, on the basis of which they attempt to explain how one thing can be distinguished from another. Write an essay comparing and contrasting the treatment of substance in at least two of these systems, paying particular attention to how each philosopher reaches the conclusions that he does.

24 August 2015,
 0

Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz Descartes, Spinoza, LeibnizPaper details In the Meditations Descartes develops a philosophical position known as “metaphysical dualism” or “substance dualism,” so called […]


24 August 2015

How did the federal constitution limit democracy

how did the federal constitution limit democracy
Paper details

what is meant by the following statement: ” the ratification of the national constitution was the founders' political response to the excessive democracy” unleashed by The American Revolution. how was this processed accomplished and why did the founders implement this change? What impact did these changes have on our nation, past and present? in other words how did the federal constitution limit democracy. she wants university press sources.

24 August 2015,
 0

How did the federal constitution limit democracy how did the federal constitution limit democracyPaper details what is meant by the following statement: ” the […]


24 August 2015

If age effect hearing reaction time in women

If age effect hearing reaction time in women
Paper details

hypothesis : women react faster to hearing than men
Participants will be tested on their reaction time when they hear the buzzer. After reaction time is recorded it will show if women have a better reaction time than men.
Title Page
Abstract
Introduction (clearly stated hypothesis
generally well written with appropriate grammar, tense, and sentence structure information presented clearly and concisely)
Method(completely describes all elements (participants, materials, and design/procedure including how data was analyzed)
Results(clearly describes data and main findings in sufficient detail
uses tables and figures effectively to represent exact values, main effects, or interactions states results of descriptive and inferential statistics (including significance levels)
Discussion(provides overview of results
interprets results in light of literature discussed in the introduction
restates hypothesis and includes conclusions supported by the results)
References
Appendix EXCEL with data will be included

24 August 2015,
 0

If age effect hearing reaction time in women If age effect hearing reaction time in womenPaper details hypothesis : women react faster to hearing […]


24 August 2015

The Nature of Sin; Pear Tree (Augustine)The Nature of Sin; Pear Tree (Augustine)
Paper details 
The word limit is 750-999 words, no more no less. The paper must include at least 3 quotes. Please refere to the Writing Guidelines for more specifics.



Minimum 750-999 words (no more, no less)
Minimum of 3 quotes
– You are welcome to write on a topic of your choice. Feel free to run it by me. Suggested Topics: 1) The Nature of Sin; Pear Tree 2) The Origin of Evil: Plotinus, Augustine, and the Manichees 3) Time & Memory 4) Augustine & La Jetee 4) Augustine's conversion & Free-will – Make sure to read the Writing Guidelines in the Syllabus folder. You will be penalized if you don't adhere to the parameters specified there. – Text should be cited by book, chapter, and page number, e.g. “blah blah blah” (Confessions Book X.7, p. 195).


Thesis Essays (Long Papers 800-999 words):
Reflect critically upon the reading and consider some of the following:
• What were the important points made?
• What were the strongest parts of the reading? 

• What was the author trying to accomplish?
• Was the argument convincing?
Alternative approaches to this assignment may include:
• Defend a particular thesis or interpretation
• Point / Counter-point – lay out clearly a specific argument in the reading and respond to it in detail
• A detailed account of how the specifics of some argument or part of the reading directly relates to one’s own experience
• A letter written in the first person to the author

All papers must include three quotations from the text(s) under consideration with proper citation. DO NOT consult or quote any outside sources (including the dictionary and especially Wikipedia).
Be advised especially regarding these last two approaches, papers must demonstrate evidence of the student’s familiarity with the texts in the ways stated above. General advice: stay close to the text.
Not all of the above criteria need to be addressed in a single assignment, only enough to write something substantial of the required length demonstrating that one has completed the reading assignment etc. The professor may give other specific instructions.
Please read the Writing Guidelines available on Blackboard.

Thesis Essays are graded according to the following parameters:
• accuracy of the student’s explanation of the material (40%)
• quality of the content and originality of the student’s reflection (40%)
• quality of composition, grammar, sentence structure, length, spelling and overall care taken in the construction of an argument (20%)

Required Text Book:
Augustine's Confessions (Hackett):
ISBN-10: 0872208168 & ISBN-13: 978-0872208162
Kindle edition available B&N Nook edition available


24 August 2015,
 0

The Nature of Sin; Pear Tree (Augustine)The Nature of Sin; Pear Tree (Augustine) Paper details  The word limit is 750-999 words, no more no […]


24 August 2015

Is Greek yogurt pancakes a better alternative than regular yogurt pancakes to increase protein content?Is Greek yogurt pancakes a better alternative than regular yogurt pancakes to increase protein content?
Paper details 
Project
In order to increase your understanding of various food components as well as your appreciation for the science of food, you are required to complete a three-part project that culminates in an experiment and the submission of a final written research paper. You will be responsible for preparing a research paper that includes a modification to an original recipe and describes how it fits into the greater context of the science of food. The modification to your recipe should be one that both increases nutritional quality and follows the scientific rationale discussed in the course.

Part 1: In preparation for your final paper, you are to submit a one page mini-paper on an agricultural or industry innovation that examines an original research question proposed by you. What interests you in relation to food, food innovation, food modification, etc.? For example, are you curious about the effects of a specific sugar substitute on taste and appearance of a certain baked product? Or, are you interested in knowing what would happen if you substituted protein powder for flour in a cake recipe? These are just a few examples of the many questions you could ask. This assignment is intended to get you thinking about food science principles and how agriculture and industry play an important role in food procurement and preparation. You are expected to submit the following: 1) research question and 2) information from a credible source that may help answer your research question. Please note that you do not have to stick with this research question for your final paper – this is an exercise to get you thinking and comfortable with the process you will need to follow in order to complete your final paper. If you do wish to use this research question for your paper, that is fine too!


Part 2:
Identify your recipe and final research question. You must clearly state what will be modified in the recipe. In addition, recipes must be chosen and submitted by 5 pm on the due date. So approval can be granted by the instructor. All recipes must receive approval for use in the final paper.

• The recipe that you choose may come from any source –a cookbook, a magazine, or the Internet. You can choose to vary any ingredient in the recipe, but please note that simply omitting an ingredient is not acceptable; you must come up with an ingredient substitution that utilizes either an agricultural product or industry innovation. Use inspiration from part 1 of the project or other topics you read about in the text.
• You must cite the source of the recipe for the submission/approval process. Remember that a recipe is made up of three parts: 1) the name of the food being prepared; 2) a list of all ingredients (with amounts); and 3) a sequential description of the steps involved in preparing the food. Please ensure the recipe that you hand in for approval includes all three parts, as well as the variation to the recipe that you will be testing. Submission of an incomplete recipe will result in it being sent back to you.

Part 3:
Perform a background search to gather all pertinent information and design, execute, evaluate and write up your experiment in a formal research paper. Expectations will be discussed as the semester progresses. Your paper needs to include the following
(see below for more detail): 1) an introduction/background that includes the variation of your recipe; 2) your research question/purpose and hypothesis; 3) your method (the recipe) and how you measured subjective/objective outcomes; 4) your results, which should reflect either or both subjective/objective differences in the original recipe compared to the revised recipe; 5) a discussion section that addresses how the variation impacts the scientific principles discussed throughout the semester; and 6) a list of references.
• For the final paper submission, you can find information in the course textbook, cookbooks, nutrition and food magazines, and the Internet. If you experience difficulty finding enough information on your topic, please let the instructor know. If you have questions, please ask! Although you can use theory to determine how your experiment might turn out, it is highly recommended that you prepare your original recipe and the variation of the recipe so you can actually measure any differences in appearance, smell, taste, etc. to report in your paper.


• Your final paper should include the following:
o Your name
o Background section that discusses the significance of the ingredient you will be substituting or testing

o Clearly stated research question/purpose and hypothesis (your educated guess on which might happen to the recipe when you substitute the ingredient) this can be qualitative or quantitative in nature

o Methods this includes your recipe and the variation to the recipe, as well as any description of how you will be testing your hypothesis (e.g. sensory testing)

o State the results of your experiment they may be objective or subjective measures

o Discuss how the recipe variation altered the scientific principles discussed in lecture/practiced in lab compared to the control recipe focus only on the scientific principles that pertain to the ingredient you substituted.

 Some questions to consider:
• How does the substitution affect emulsification?
• How does the substitution affect browning upon cooking/baking?
• How does the substitution affect mouth feel or texture of the final product?

 This is not an exhaustive list, but may provide some direction on things to consider when comparing the original recipe to your variation of the recipe.

o Cite the references used for the recipe, background, etc.

o Proper spelling, punctuation, and grammar will also be considered

Requirements/Expectations
• Introduction/Background section
o Rationale for substitution
 Not because a website said it was a good substitution
o Nutrient comparison (table) with description
o References (‘.gov’, ‘.edu’, ‘.org’)
• Research question
• Hypothesis
o Educated guess – must match what you are testing
• Methods
o Recipe
 Substitution clearly indicated (control vs. test)
o Description of how hypothesis was tested (e.g. sensory testing)
• Results
o State findings
 Means, descriptors
 Table
• Discussion
o Did you prove/disprove your hypothesis?
o How do you explain differences between the control and test recipes? Or how do you explain the lack of differences between the control and test recipes?
 Use information learned in class
 Not looking for references – want to see how can incorporate what discussed in class into explanation
• References

o Cite in introduction/background & method sections
Grading Considerations
• All sections/components included
• Incorporation of feedback from parts 1 & 2
• Hypothesis
o Can be tested as stated
o Relates to research question
• Introduction/background
o Rationale provided
o Appropriate use of references
• Methods
o Recipe provided, substitution clearly indicated
o Description of evaluation (e.g. sensory testing) provided
• Results
o Clearly stated
• Discussion
o Thoughtful/accurate description of processes involved
 Appropriate logic, major factors not overlooked
• References included
o Cited in introduction/background, methods

Here are sources I chose that I would like to be used for the paper:
http://health.usnews.com/health-news/diet-fitness/diet/articles/2011/09/30/greek-yogurt-vs-regular-yogurt-which-is-more-healthful
http://www.fitday.com/fitness-articles/fitness/yogurt-smackdown-greek-vs-regular.html
http://www.agricultured.org/whats-the-difference-between-regular-and-greek-yogurt/
http://www.livestrong.com/article/462877-what-is-healthier-greek-yogurt-or-regular-yogurt/
http://www.obesityaction.org/educational-resources/resource-articles-2/nutrition/greek-yogurt-whats-the-craze-all-about

For more information about sensory testing:
http://www.foodafactoflife.org.uk/sheet.aspx?siteId=19§ionId=83&contentId=308

Part 2 Completed:
Yogurt Pancakes

Question

Is Greek yogurt pancakes a better alternative than regular yogurt pancakes to increase protein content?

Ingredients
• 1 cup flour (or 3/4 cup flour and 1/4 cup cornmeal or other flour for texture and flavor)
• 2 Tablespoons sugar
• 1 1/4 teaspoons baking powder
• 1/4 teaspoon baking soda
• 1/4 teaspoon salt
• 1 cup plain yogurt (1 cup Greek Yogurt)
• 2 eggs
• 2 Tablespoons melted butter or vegetable oil
• Oil or spray oil for cooking

Directions
1. Heat a griddle or large frying pan over medium high heat. Meanwhile, combine flour, sugar, baking powder, baking soda, and salt in a medium bowl; then whisk yogurt (Greek yogurt) and eggs together; add yogurt (Greek yogurt) and eggs to flour mixture and stir to combine. Stir in melted butter or oil.
2. Spray oil on hot griddle and spoon batter into even cakes – about 8 – and let cook until bubbles form on the surface of the cakes, about 2 minutes. Flip and cook until golden brown on the other side, about another 2 minutes.
Source: http://localfoods.about.com/od/breakfast/r/Yogurt-Pancakes.htm



24 August 2015,
 0

Is Greek yogurt pancakes a better alternative than regular yogurt pancakes to increase protein content?Is Greek yogurt pancakes a better alternative than regular yogurt […]


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