24 August 2015

Critique Article Elements
Critique Article Elements
Week 1 article review Critique: Ethics, Research problem and Review of Literature Elements
                                Ethics
l  Think about what elements are for either a qualitative or quantitative article – how do you know which one this article is? What are the qualities that would cause you to categorize it? 
l  Can you tell if there was IRB approval?
l  How were patients consented? Can you imagine any issues that might have occurred with obtaining consent?  Describe.
l  Discuss your thoughts on the research trial and the 3 principles of:
¡   Beneficence ( risk – benefit ratio?)
¡  Justice (Vulnerable populations? )
¡  Respect for Persons (Any evidence of coercion?)
l  Is it evident that the benefits of the study outweighed the risks?
l  What other potential ethical issues can you determine?
Research Problem
l  What is the research problem? Did they convince you of the need for studying this problem?
l  Is the hypothesis  directional?  How else can you describe it?
l  What are the variables under study – which are independent/ dependent?
l  Name some extraneous variables
l  List at least 1 conceptual and matching operational definition?  Are they really Measurable as described in the article?



SEE NEXT PAGE FOR REVIEW OF LITERATURE ELEMENTS!!!!!

Review of Literature
l  Are references recent? How many did they use – do you think they used enough to cover the topic sufficiently – why or why not?
l  List at least 3 primary and 3 secondary sources mentioned in Reference list
l  Are the populations and types of studies in the listed studies compatibleto THIS study?
l  Did they provide any opposing ideas or were they all in SUPPORT of their study?
l  How did ROL flow – did you have a good understanding of the gap in the knowledge?
Week 2: article review Framework, Design, and Sampling
Theory/Frameworks
n  Is it based on nursing theory or one from another discipline?
n  Is the conceptual model relevant to nursing research if not nursing?
n  Are the major concepts of the model identified and defined? What do you think they are?
n  Is the theory sufficiently detailed enough to explain the phenomenon or is it overly complex?
n  WHY do you think this?
Design
n  What type of design is it?
n  Describe the characteristics that make it that design.
n  Is it appropriate to answer the research question?
n  What are the threats to internal validity?
n  What are the threats to external validity?
n  How did they try and control for these?


SEE NEXT PAGE FOR SAMPLING ELEMENTS!!!!!!

Sampling
n  What sampling technique was used? What are the characteristics that made you think it was that type?
n  Was it the most appropriate to use?
n  Have the sample characteristics been well described?   What are they?
n  Did the researcher identify limitations to generalizability?
n  Any attrition mentioned?
n  Retention or recruitment strategies?
Week 3 article review: Data collection, Control, and Data Analysis
Data Collection
n  Are all the instruments clearly identified and described?
          Is their rationale for the selection of the tool given?
          Is the method of data collection chosen appropriate for the problem being studied and the clinical situation – why or why not?
          Were data collection procedures similar for all subjects?
          CHOOSE ONE Of the BELOW – depending on YOUR study:
          For Physiological:  Did they evaluate the accuracy of the instrument?
          For Observational: Who did the observing, how were they trained?
          For Questionnaires: What types of questions were used – open/closed? What type of scales were used, if any?
Control
          Did they discuss methods to test reliability and/or validity?
          Did they provide the results of any testing for reliability and validity – if so – were they adequate?  If not – what else could they have done to test for this?
          Were the strengths and weaknesses of the instrument reliability and validity addressed in the “limitations” section of the article? Can you think of any other possible weaknesses?
SEE NEXT PAGE FOR STATS ELEMENTS!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
Statistical Analysis
          Name the statistical test(s) used
          Is it parametric or non?
          Explain why you think this test was chosen
          What was the null hypothesis (you may have to formulate it yourself from the study problem given) Was it accepted or rejected?
           

          What evidence caused you to know if statistically significant

24 August 2015,
 0

Critique Article Elements Critique Article Elements Week 1 article review Critique: Ethics, Research problem and Review of Literature Elements                                 Ethics l  Think about […]


24 August 2015

Polling and accompanying statistics is a major quantitative tool used in political science researchPaper instructions:
Polling and accompanying statistics is a major quantitative tool used in political science research. Gallup provides a continuous and well-defined polling of American populace on a host of issues. Recent political science analysis has suggested that public confidence in government is at an all time low.

Read Confidence in Congress: Lowest Ever for Any U.S. Institution, by Jeffrey Jones and review the polling statistics. In 250 to 300 words, create your own hypothesis as to why public confidence in Congress is at an all time low. Then, state three reasons (variables) that might account for why confidence in Congress is so low. Use at least one source other than the Gallup polls to support your hypothesis and reasons for your thinking.

24 August 2015,
 0

Polling and accompanying statistics is a major quantitative tool used in political science researchPaper instructions:Polling and accompanying statistics is a major quantitative tool used […]


24 August 2015

Case Study: Quantitative Analysis and Social Capital
Case Study: Quantitative Analysis and Social Capital


The U.S. is not alone in the challenges of maintaining social capital as a key element in maintaining an effective democracy. This week’s case study examines a comparative analysis of social capital across many democracies.
Read Appendix B – Trust in Government: The United States in Comparative Perspective. In 250 to 300 words, identify the research question, which this comparative study set out to address. Then, identify one of the hypotheses that the authors used to conduct their analysis. Finally, describe how the authors used quantitative data to support their analysis and assess whether you believe this is a valid method for comparing countries’ levels of social capital.

Hoover, K. &Donovan, T. (2011). The elements of social scientific thinking (10th ed.). Boston, MA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning. ISBN: 9781439082423

24 August 2015,
 0

Case Study: Quantitative Analysis and Social CapitalCase Study: Quantitative Analysis and Social Capital The U.S. is not alone in the challenges of maintaining social […]


24 August 2015

Step-parentingPaper instructions:
Please use at least 3 sources to complete. Use the following research questions: 1. What does it mean to be a “step” family? Are they a different kind of family? Does the relationship between the husband and wife get compromised by the children? Can a step-parent be seen or treated like a biological father or mother? How do step-families make it work?

24 August 2015,
 0

Step-parentingPaper instructions:Please use at least 3 sources to complete. Use the following research questions: 1. What does it mean to be a “step” family? […]


24 August 2015

Web Site Evaluation
PROJECT 1:
WEB SITE EVALUATION
The Research Process
For this required project, your task is to locate and evaluate a
Web site related to employment assistance. Follow these
steps to prepare your evaluation, making notes on your
search strategies and decisions as you go.
1. Choose a search engine and explain why you chose it.
Then describe your search strategy, such as the key words
you used to locate Web sites related to employment. You
might begin with information from a newspaper article,
a career center help sheet, or a commercial site selling
applicable software. Search for a site you haven’t used or
heard of that has more than one page and that contains
links to other employment-related Web sites.
Here are topic suggestions for beginning your search:
• Preparing for a job interview
• Job placement providers
• Resume writing
• Steps to applying for a job
• Making a career change
2. Investigate at least four different sites before making
your choice. Explain why you discarded the three (and
include those sites) and why you picked the one site on
which you focus. The site you choose may be very good
or quite awful, but it should contain something that
piques your interest enough to make you want to write
about it. Perhaps it offers just the job-search information
you were looking for, or you found it to be one of
the most difficult sites you’ve ever navigated.
3. Evaluate and analyze your chosen site according to
the criteria given in the study unit for evaluating Web
sites and in the grading criteria that follow. The sample
evaluation of Penn Foster’s site provides a general idea
of the areas to cover and the way to evaluate those areas.








Your evaluation, however, must include more specific
information and personal commentary. Ask yourself
questions about each aspect covered in the study unit.
For example, is the site current? Is the page layout
effective? What features does it include?
4. As you write your evaluation, use the pronoun I to
describe your experiences searching for and using the
site. At the end, in one paragraph, you’ll summarize
your evaluation by expressing your overall opinions of
the site and the reasons you feel that way. Arrange
your findings and analysis according to the following
headings:
Web site address (URL) and complete name
Search Strategy
Sponsor and Purpose
Content and Page Layout/Features
Overall Evaluation
5. After preparing a rough draft of your work, read the
evaluation criteria once again and revise your work
carefully, correcting any errors you may find. Make
sure to spell-check and grammar-check your work,
too. You must use the correct conventions of standard
written American English.
6. Type your evaluation in Times New Roman, font size 12.
Double-space your pages (the option is usually found on
the toolbar or in the Format/Paragraph menu of your
word processor). Indent the first line of new paragraphs
but don’t skip additional lines beyond the automatic
double-spacing



24 August 2015,
 0

Web Site Evaluation PROJECT 1: WEB SITE EVALUATION The Research Process For this required project, your task is to locate and evaluate a Web […]


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