24 August 2015

Ariel Dorfman’s “Are We Really So Fearful?”

The essay requires you to analyze the rhetorical strategies of a given text. That is, you will examine how each writer presents his or her position and whether the presentation given its target audience is effective or not. (Of course, declaring a piece effective or ineffective without proving so doesn’t cut it.)

For example, in her essay, “Let’s Put Pornography Back in the Closet,” Susan Brownmiller relies on appeals to her own character and appeals to authority, among other things, to make the case that, since the open display of pornography harms the community where it is displayed, the 1st amemdment must be amended to remedy the situation. Because she seems to think her audience is composed of First Amendment absolutists, she spends seven paragraphs establishing her credibility to show how much she respects the first amendment and that she doesn’t take her proposal lightly. Is this approach effective? Given her target audience, it would seem so. 
Click here to have a similar paper done for you by one of our writers within the set deadline at a discounted 

In a rhetorical analysis, you are making a case for a certain interpretation of the text you’ve been assigned. For instance, in the previous paragraph, I have decided that the rhetorical tools that Brownmiller uses most effectively include appeals to character and appeals to authority. Evidence in the text has convinced me that absolutists comprise her audience. (There is also evidence that she thinks her audience may have an inaccurate impression of feminists or the feminist project, and she uses definition as a tool to make her point as well. I’m trying here to keep things simple.)

Her use of appeals is not all I need to demonstrate. I need also to give her argument as I see it. When I combine her strategies and her claim, then I have my thesis: Using appeals to her own character and appeals to authority, Susan Brownmiller tries to presuade her audience of 1st amendment absolutists that the open display of pornography contirbutes to an unhealthy environment in which rape is normalized and gender inequaltiy is made acceptable. In my thesis, I have the map of my essay—I will devote at last one paragraph to each strategy. (Since her appeal to character has a double aspect—she is a feminist as well as a student of history—I might devote two parapgraphs to that rhetorical strategy.)

Don’t waste time arguing with the author. That misses the point and will sink your grade. Your job as an analyst is to show what the author is trying to accomplish, to identify what tactics, or rhetorical strategies, he or she uses to achieve those ends. In rhetorical analysis, what is said is less important than how it is said.

Begin by reading the essay(s) closely and repeatedly. Because your analysis should 1) identify elements of rhetoric and 2) catalogue and comment upon discursive features within a given text, you will need to have either your class notes or the various checklists in your textbook available to help you break the essay(s) into its components (or analyze it) and compose your essay.

Remember that, like any other essay, you must have a controlling idea (a thesis), topic sentences, efficient organization, etc. The following is a set of guidelines to help you organize your interpretation.

Title
The title of the essay is your first chance to pique a reader’s interest. What sort of title would describe your paper and distinguish it from other papers written on the same essay?
Introduction

Your introductory paragraph should:

 Introduce the article you plan to analyze. Name the writer, the title of the piece, publication date, and where the piece first appeared.
 Describe the writer’s purpose and her intended audience. In other words, what can you say about the speaker, the subject, the context, the audience, and the principle aim of the text? Are there any aims subordinate to the principle aim?
 Can you summarize the essay in a sentence or two? (Do not digress into a lengthy paraphrase.) What is the speaker’s thesis?
 What features of substance and style (or which rhetorical strategies) will you describe and analyze in your essay? Why do you consider them important to the discourse? How do they function to promote the author’s aim or purpose? This is your thesis.

Body

Each paragraph in the body of the paper usually has its own topic sentence and focus. You might consider devoting one paragraph to each of the rhetorical strategies mentioned in your introduction.

 What techniques does the author use to support the claim made in the thesis? How are ideas developed? Is the support/development sufficient? Appropriate? Relevant?
 What kind of voice do you find in the text? How does the writer come across? Is the essay difficult, academic, casual, sad, funny, etc? Does the author seem to have any hidden assumptions or prejudices?
 How has the speaker arranged the discourse, and why has she chosen this pattern of arrangement over others? (Make specific reference to the introduction, the thesis, the body, and the conclusion if you think that important.) If the arrangement doesn’t ‘work,’ what’s the problem? How does it affect the reader?
 If applicable, which of the persuasive appeals (through logic, emotion, or character) predominates (or how many are present) and how do these appeals strengthen or weaken the argument?
 Are there any fallacies or other weaknesses in the argument? How do they affect the reader’s response to the work? What kinds of assumption are at work? Are these fair? What are the particular strengths of the argument?
 Does the writer make effective use of concession, refutation, and/or counter-argument?
 Matters of style. Which of the following do you find most important to the discourse and why: diction (formal, colloquial, slang, etc.); tone; figurative language, symbolism, allusion, irony; humor; number and length of paragraphs; length and style of sentences; rhythm and repetition.


Conclusion
Revisit the conversation you opened in the introduction. You can speak of the argument’s strong and weak points as well—just remember that you are not here to agree or disagree with the author. You are here to show how the argument works, to show what the writer is trying to accomplish and identify those tools or tactics he or she uses to achieve that goal.

Things to keep in mind:

1. Unify your commentary with a comprehensive but specific statement—your thesis. “When we look at House’s essay, we see many ridiculous things” is not a thesis.
2. Develop your paper to demonstrate your thesis. Because interpretations always have a subjective component to them, your ability to express and develop an idea rather than whether your idea is “right” will determine your grade. This ability to develop involves recognizing and dealing with counter-evidence. Before committing to a thesis, look for counter-evidence and, if necessary, modify your thesis.
3. Always remember to back up your assertions with specific passages or words from the text. Don’t merely say, “Snerd’s voice is strident and he uses abusive language to make his point.” Rather, use quotations, point out specific moments in the work to support your points: “In paragraph 95, for instance, Snerd compares the president’s head to a feather duster . . .” You must prove your own claims about the text through the text. Do not write a paper without using quotations. (And see note at the end.)
4. Avoid repetition: gather all your commentary on a particular point at one place in the paper, and choose the place where this point can be made most effectively in developing your essay. Devote a paragraph to one strategy you’ve identified.
5. You don’t need to consider every single angle mentioned above to write a successful analysis. In some cases, you can treat a certain category in a sentence or less: “Throughout the essay, Wigglebottom tries to show us the debasement of culture by . . .” Nor do you need to write a whole paragraph to answer some of the questions; do, however, avoid writing one sentence per item and then stringing these together. Such a procedure does not an essay make.
6. The first time you refer to an author, give his/her full name and credentials. After that, the last name will suffice. (Do not, ever, refer to an author by first name only—unless the author uses a pseudonym or has or goes by one name only, like Cher, Madonna, or Thing.)
7. Use the literary present. That is, acknowledge that what is happening inside a book (or a movie, an essay, etc.) is always going on: “In his essay, Inkblot discusses . . .and concludes that . . .”


Note: The following examples show the difference between summary and analysis:

Summary: Jones says global warming has negative effects and we should care about our world’s future.

Analysis: Jones provides multiple negative effects of global warming and punctuates his sentences with exclamation marks; thus he uses quantitative descriptions and punctuation to create a sense of urgency in his readers to care about the planet’s status regarding global warming.

Summary: Green has a lot of formal language throughout his essay and hardly any informal words.
Analysis: Green employs formal language throughout his essay. For example, he argues unequal funding in public schools creates “a horrific imbalance between affluent communities and those that re impoverished” (27). In using formal academic writing, he establishes himself as a credible and authoritative author.

To re-cap:

In your introduction, you can say something in gerneral about the topic. In any case, you must state the title, the author, and the place of publication. You must summarize the argument. Then tell us which rhetorical strategies you will analyze. This is what the argument is. Then: This is how he makes it. The “how” is what you spend your paper explaining.

In her essay, “Let’s Put Pornography Back in the Closet,” which appeared in the New York Times on October 31, 1983, Susan Brownmiller, feminist and author of Against Our Will, relies on appeals to character and to authority to persuade her target audience of 1st amendment absolutists that the public display of pornography creates a harmful environment . . .(or whatever).
(Since the target audience determines the writer’s approach, you have to describe the target audience at or near the beginning of your analysis. Whether you do so in the first few sentences is up to you.)

First body paragraph
 Topic Sentence (using my example: appeals to character)
 Textual evidence for analytical discussion (in paragraph one Brownmiller quotes this person, in paragraph two, this person, in paragraph nine this person, etc. Why?)
• Explanation, discussion (two or three sentences at least).
Second body paragraph
 Topic Sentence (using my example: appeals to authority)
 Textual evidence for analytical discussion
• Explanation and discussion
and so on.


Things to avoid:

 Do not say that writers make people think about things. A target audience will be interested. People who are not of the target audience are beside the point.
 Do not say that writers wake people up. A target audience will be interested. Narcolepsy is something else.
 Do not say that words paint pictures. Explain the effects of diction or imagery on the target audience. Expalin why the writer uses such terms or images. Explain why they come where and when they do.
 Do not find fault with a newspaper column for not being a dissertation, or a speech, or a book. That is, do not criticize a text for not being what it was never intended to be. The urge to find fault will most likely distort your analysis and thus your grade.
 Do not say that the writer is biassed and leave it at that. If partiality in some way obscures the issue for the target audience, explain. To say that the writer of an opinion piece is opinionated is to state the obvious.
 Do not waste your time paraphrasing a text. Paraphrase is not analysis.


Your analysis must be at least 750 words, or 2 qnd ½ pages of analysis. Block quotes and the like (long quotes, that is) do not count. You must follow MLA guidelines. You must use in-text citation. Use in-text citation. Do not include a title page.

24 August 2015,
 0

Ariel Dorfman’s “Are We Really So Fearful?” The essay requires you to analyze the rhetorical strategies of a given text. That is, you will […]


24 August 2015

Rank brazil china france germany japan mexico nigeria russia south africa united kingdom & north ireland according to the Dahl/Polity/Vanhanen scores of most democratic to least democraticRank brazil china france germany japan mexico nigeria russia south africa united kingdom & north ireland according to the Dahl/Polity/Vanhanen scores of most democratic to least democratic
Here is already some additional information about the upcoming term paper. As always, let me know if you have questions!
What: 8 to 10 page termpaper (Times New Roman, font 12, double-spaced)
I am not super strict about the length of the paper. However, I think that a paper shorter than 8 pages cannot address the topic correctly but I also do not want you to write a work of 25 pages because that is not necessary either.
When: Friday August 1st, 11.30 PM Pacific Time
Where: Course space on Angel – Assignments – Term Paper: please submit a short post with the title of your paper and your name and then attach your paper as a Word document thought ‘attachments’. Make sure that your name is in the Word document as well (preferably in the file name for instance: [your first and last name]_Termpaper_PolS 102_summer 2014.doc)
How:
Chapters 16 through 23 are case studies of countries:
·       The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
·       France
·       Germany
·       Japan
·       Russia
·       China
·       Mexico
·       Brazil
·       Nigeria
·       South-Africa
You have to rank all of these countries on these three measures:
·       Dahl’s measure of polyarchy
·       The Polity project rankings
·       Vanhanen’s Index of Democracy
Please see the other instructor notes in this forum for full explanation of these measures.
I do not expect you to come up with perfect scores, but what I do expect you to be able to do is to read the text information carefully, and to imagine how each of these authors/projects would classify the different countries.
As far as I am concerned, you are welcome to include additional information that can be gleaned from such sources as: the New York Times, the Economist Magazine, the online CIA World Factbook (https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/), and others.
As long as you make clear where you received your information from, I am fine with you using these sources. I also recommend you to think about discussing it with others in the course online, through email or through the ‘questions for instructor’ discussion board in which I will open a topic.
I will be grading you according to how well you explain and justify the rankings that you assign each country. Thus it is not sufficient just to produce a set of rankings, but you must include a written articulation of why you decided upon those rankings.
Your paper should be neatly presented, well-written, and checked for errors of syntax and grammar. The standard that I always use is that you should not send in your paper until it is something that you are proud of. If it does not reflect the best of which you are capable, then you should probably think about spending a bit more time on it.
The paper is worth 50 points.
Note that the deadline of this paper is beyond the course timeframe (see course schedule for due date). Since this last week requires a lot of reading and writing I want to make sure that you have enough time to finish your paper. You are of course always welcome to hand in your paper early.

Writing tips:
Write an outline for your paper before you start. A good paper should at least have the following structure and components:
Title
Abstract
Introduction (1 page)
Main text (7-8 pages)
Conclusion (& discussion) (2-3 pages))
We can expand on this:

Title page
Include a title for your paper, perhaps a subtitle, your name and student and class information

Abstract
Here you write a (very) short summary of your paper (this should not be more than 150 words!)

Introduction
Here you write what the paper is about, why you used these measures and countries (don’t say that you had to, but explain briefly what is interesting about each case/country and explain briefly why these three methods are important). You also explain how the paper is going on beyond this point, what you will discuss and show what the reader can expect). This all can be in 1 page.

Main text

Countries
Here you tell about the countries in more detail (make sure that these details are relevant to the paper).You can even provide a table with some important variables (this table won’t be included in the page total so do not worry about space). If you decide to include a table, please remember to describe the contents of it in the text! You cannot just show a table without any references to it or without any explanation of it.

Measurements
Here you tell about the measurements in more detail perhaps include advantages and disadvantages of each measurement and their limitations

Analyses
Here you show your rankings and write per ranking why the order of the countries is this way. You may rank the countries in a table (this table won’t be included in the page total so do not worry about space here!)
Results
Here you say something about potential difference in the rankings (e.g. China is # 5 on one scale but # 8 on the other, you explain why this is). Or explain why all your rankings are the same if that is the case. (This, the analyses and the results) are the most important parts of the paper! Devote time and space to these parts!).

Conclusion
Here you sum up your findings (‘this is what I did in this paper for this reason and I found so and so’). Here you also provide your analysis, which one (ranks or measurement) is the best and why, or should we use all three together to get a full picture, or perhaps you propose something different altogether. Perhaps you think of situations/countries for which these three measurements do not apply at all.
This is also the section where you make the paper ‘round’. This means that you do not come up with new facts about your cases but you link the conclusion to the introduction and you really finish the paper. You are allowed to show that this paper is not perfect, I mean, there are always limitations and it is good to show that you are aware of this (this is not seen as a new fact).
Throughout the whole paper, try to write in a scholarly way. Avoid the following sentences: “I believe that, I think that, in my opinion.” But try to make claims and statements, and if you do so, provide a reason or fact for that as well, and show where you received your information.


24 August 2015,
 0

Rank brazil china france germany japan mexico nigeria russia south africa united kingdom & north ireland according to the Dahl/Polity/Vanhanen scores of most democratic […]


24 August 2015

Bioprospecting

Must be 1500 words) Bioprospecting is the 21st century equivalent of gold mining and an exciting part of the biotechnology industry; define bioprospecting and briefly list some key products discovered from bioprospecting. Taq polymerase is an example of a commercial product discovered by bioprospecting; describe the origin of taq polymerase, how it was commercialized (purified and optimised); why was Taq such a key discovery?. Find an article published in the last year describing a novel product discovered by bioprospecting/biotechnology, describe the product and how the scientific method has been applied to develop and/or commercialize it. Describe the hypothesis of the study; identify the independent and dependent variables and some important controls (starting ref Biology, Concepts and Applications: Starr, Evers and Starr, Chapter 15 and links in the Webliography).

24 August 2015,
 0

Bioprospecting Must be 1500 words) Bioprospecting is the 21st century equivalent of gold mining and an exciting part of the biotechnology industry; define bioprospecting […]


24 August 2015

Importance of hope and trust to cancer patient.Paper instructions:
The topic is about the importance of hope for cancer patients and the importance of them trusting their health care providers.

I provided 2 academic sources.

24 August 2015,
 0

Importance of hope and trust to cancer patient.Paper instructions:The topic is about the importance of hope for cancer patients and the importance of them […]


24 August 2015

ORGANISMS IN YOUR BIOME
Assignment 2: Organisms in Your Biome
In this assignment, you will create a Microsoft PowerPoint presentation that exhibits the different organisms in your current biome.
Include the following in your presentation:
  • Describe Your Own Environment
    Consider the natural environment or biome found in the geographic area where you currently live. For example, if you live in the Midwest, the natural biome for this area is the grassland. If you live in Alaska you are likely to live in either the tundra or the boreal forest. Describe the main features of the biome found in your geographic area. Include features such as the environment (moisture, temperature) and any topographic features that would influence the climate (mountains, large bodies of water, etc.).
  • Identify Ten Organisms
    Make a list identifying at least ten organisms—at least five plants and five animals—that live in your biome, and describe how these organisms interact with one another. For example, is the relationship competitive or symbiotic?
  • Describe Each Organism and its Environmental Needs
    In the speaker notes section in your presentation, briefly describe these ten organisms and the type of conditions—that is, moisture, warm temperatures, or a type of plant—they need in order to survive. Be sure to include the interactions between these organisms and the resources they need to survive. You may wish to use various tools available in Microsoft PowerPoint to visually depict these relationships.
  • Hypothesis of a New Environment
  • Consider a situation where the temperature of the climate was to increase by an average of ten degrees Celsius. Address the following:
    • How would these organisms survive if the temperature warmed up this much?
    • Would they stay or move to a more suitable environment?
    • Would a new species move in?
    • How would migratory species be impacted?
    • What would happen to your biome?
Now, consider if your biome changes with the temperature shift. Address the following:
    • What types of plants and animals do you think would live there?
    • What will happen to the rarer species? Will they cease to exist?
    • Identify five plants and five animals that you feel would inhabit this warmer area.
    • Describe this new ecosystem and the new interactions that will most likely exist.
  • Additional Topics to Include
    • How would environmental management practices change in your area?
    • Would this drastic shift in temperature impact culture and society in your area?
    • Would you still choose to live in this area after a drastic shift in temperature? Give reasons to support your answer.
Use pictures from the Internet to represent your chosen species, and give credit to these Web sites. Support your statements with 3–5 credible sources. Use the last slide of your presentation as a reference slide.
Develop a 10–15-slide presentation in Microsoft PowerPoint format. Apply APA standards to citation of sources

Be sure it is PLAGRISM FREE, THE LAST PERSONI HAD WORK ON AN ASSIGNMENT NAMED DERICK HAD 88PERCENT PLAGRISIM AND I RECEIVED NO CREIDT FOR IT.  YOU WORKED ON THE ASSIGNMENT FOR ME LAST TIME IN THE REGION WHERE I LIVED IN BENECIA CA SO YOU SHOLD BE FAMILIAR WITH THIS.  THANKS.

24 August 2015,
 0

ORGANISMS IN YOUR BIOME Assignment 2: Organisms in Your Biome In this assignment, you will create a Microsoft PowerPoint presentation that exhibits the different […]


‹ Prev page1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911 912 913 914 915 916 917 918 919 920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 928 929 930 931 932 933 934 935 936 937 938 939 940 941 942 943 944 945 946 947 948 949 950 951 952 953 954 955 956 957 958 959 960 961 962 963 964 965 966 967 968 969 970 971 972 973 974 975 976 977 978 979 980 981 982 983 984 985 986 987 988 989 990 991 992 993 994 995 996 997 998 999 1000 1001 1002 1003 1004 1005 1006 1007 1008 1009 1010 1011 Next page ›