Aristotle claims that in living our lives we should aim at our own happiness, or Eudaimonia (excellence). He also claims that an essential element or ingredient of Eudaimonia is virtue. Now, at times, the requirements of virtue may call for self-sacrifice. For example, the virtue of courage may require us to risk our lives on the battlefield. And the virtues involved in friendship (also an essential ingredient of the happy life for Aristotle) may call for us to make considerable sacrifices for our friends—even perhaps giving our lives for them.
The question for you to address in your paper is this: has Aristotle succeeded in showing that we should make these kinds of sacrifices—given that he is also telling us that we should aim first and foremost at our own happiness?
Your paper should contain these elements:
(1) An introductory paragraph briefly stating the issue being examined and the
conclusion you intend to defend—e.g., “In this paper I will argue in support of Aristotle’s view that happiness can require self-sacrifice”; “In this paper I will argue that, contrary to what Aristotle maintains, people should not be expected to sacrifice themselves for others.”
(2) A defense of Aristotle’s position on the central question (this should include a clear and succinct account of Aristotle’s notion of happiness or Eudaimonia—here you should cite the text directly.)
(3) Objections to Aristotle’s position
(4) Replies to these objections
If you agree with Aristotle, your paper is done here and you can skip to step (6).
If not, you need to go to step (5):
(5) A brief account of why the objections still stand, despite the replies.
(6) A brief conclusion stating what you think you have accomplished in this paper
Remember that any sources you consult in writing this paper must be acknowledged fully. FAILURE TO DO SO CONSTITUTES PLAGIARISM. PLAGIARIZED PAPERS WILL RECEIVE A FAILING GRADE.
The paper is due on September 30, 2014. Any late paper for which an excuse is not granted in advance may receive a one-grade penalty. It requires three sources (Nicomachean Ethics book 1 and 2, Nicomachean Ethics book 8 and 9 online through Google search, and ArisVirtueFriendarticle on TRACS. Papers must be typewritten and double-space. The required length is 4-5 pages (1200 words), minimum and maximum.
Philosophy Aristotle claims that in living our lives we should aim at our own happiness, or Eudaimonia (excellence). He also claims that an essential […]