English and Literature
English 202 Online: Short Story Essay Directions
Please follow the directions shown below for your Short Story Essay.
As is indicated on the Week 4 Assignments page, and in other forums, you should consider this essay a potential first draft of the Research Essay due at the end of the semester, Week 7. In other words, you should write an essay based on a minimum of two outside sources related to onestory and/or author on our short story reading list through Week 3. If it helps, think of this essay as two thirds of a Research Essay in terms of the number of required sources. And, you may use your Research Report 1 or Research Report 2 (or both) as the basis for your essay. If you have written about the same author and literary work for Research Report 1 and Research Report 2, for instance, then you could combine them for the essay. In fact, I encourage you to do so. I'm trying to make your writing in the course as painless as possible by giving you the opportunity to use work you've already completed for subsequent assignments.
As is the case for the research reports, your sources must be limited to the following: (1) a biographical source about the author, (2) a critical or scholarly outside source that discusses the literary work, and/or (3) a source about a contemporary theme or issue which relates specifically to the literary work you've chosen. You may use any combination of these sources, as long as they are coherently connected in the essay. The more sources you use in this essay, the less you'll need to worry about for the Research Essay, if you choose to do so. However, as is the case for research reports, and will be for the Research Essay due at the end of the semester, all sources used must be legitimate. See the the document titled Using Research Sources, which you'll find in the Course Documents section of the Blackboard site. Remember, I’m looking for more than merely biographical information, a summary of what a critic has to say about the literary work, or a summary of a source about a contemporary issue. In other words, whatever sources you choose to discuss, they all must in some way be explicitly connected to one story listed on the Course Calendar. Note: Always keep in mind the essay’s ultimate purpose. That is, ask yourself what a reader should learn or gain from reading your essay, and make that purpose clear to the reader. Audience
Write the essay as though it were being read by a general college-educated audience. Think like an academic writer by providing the necessary context for an educated reader who is not taking this course.
Review the list of criteria for successful English 202 essays in your syllabus, as well as the Academic Essay Rubric, which is posted in the Course Documents section of the Blackboard site. Perhaps the most important criterion will be how you've made explicit connections between the research sources and the author and/or literary work you've chosen. Length
The essay should be a minimum of three double-spaced typed pages, using 12-point Times New Roman font and one-inch margins.
Please refer to the Short story and drama essays subheading under the Final Grade Percentages heading in your course syllabus. Your essay, of course, must be formatted using MLA Documentation style for formatting, in-text citations, and the Works Cited page. Click here to see an explanation and model of an MLA-formatted essay from Purdue University's Online Writing Lab
Title: Existential Allegory: Joyce Carol Oates 'Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?' Publication Details: Studies in Short Fiction. (Spring 1978): p200-203. Document Type: Critical essay Full Text: COPYRIGHT 1979 Gale Research, COPYRIGHT 2007 Gale, Cengage Learning Fifteen-year-old Connie's acquiescence to Arnold Friend's threat-ridden seduction is an appropriate finale to Joyce Carol Oates's “ Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?” in a narrative which, upon careful analysis, suggests existential allegory. Many critics have classified Oates's work as realistic or naturalistic, whereas Samuel J. Pickering categorizes her short stories as subjective romanticism to a fault [see CLC, Vol. 6]. Most, however, agree she is writing in the tradition of Dreiser, Faulkner , and O'Connor , but few have acknowledged the allegorical nature of her work. Veiling the intent of “Where Are You Going …” in realistic detail, Oates sets up the framework of a religious allegory— the seduction of Eve—and with it renders a contemporary existential initiation theme—that of a young person coming to grips with externally determined fate. (p. 200) From the outset of the narrative, members of Connie's family recognize their powerlessness and thus their difference from her. Her mother and sister are not attractive, so they do not really count; and her father, who spends most of his time at work, is weak…. Thus, in refusing to attend a family picnic, Connie is rejecting not only her family's company, but the settled order of their existence—in which recognition of “excluded alternatives” is tantamount to acceptance of their lives. The popular music which permeates “Where Are You Going …” is at the same time the narrative's zeitgeist and leitmotiv, serving as the former in order to maintain plausible realism, and the latter to establish allegorical significance. The recurring music then, while ostensibly innocuous realistic detail, is in fact, the vehicle of Connie's seduction and because of its intangibility, not immediately recognizable as such. Attesting to the significance of the zeitgeist in this narrative, “Where Are You Going…” is dedicated to Bob Dylan, who contributed to making music almost religious in dimension among the youth. It is music—instead of an apple—which lures Connie, quickens her heartbeat; and popular lyrics which constitute Friend's conversation and cadence—his promises, threats, and the careless confidence with which he seduces her. (pp. 200–01) Oates employs musical metaphor in her description of Friend. “He spoke in a simple lilting voice, exactly as if he were reciting the words to a song.” … Intrinsic to Friend's function is the fact that he himself is a record. While waiting for Connie to accept his ride offer, “he began to mark time with the music from Ellie's radio.” … Even their union is presaged by the sexually pointed observation of Connie listening “to the music from her radio and the boy's blend together.” … The images which overtly suggest religious allegory while more subtly supporting the existential theme, are interspersed throughout the work. When Connie and her girl friend first enter the local “hang-out” where the girls and boys meet, they feel “as if they were entering a sacred building” where background music seems like that of a “church service.” … The day of the cook-out, which is significant both because it is the day of her defiance of her parents and the day of her capitulation to Friend, is a Sunday. (p. 201) Friend is a strange syncretism of O'Connor 's Bible-pedaling Manley Pointer in manner, and Satan in appearance. When Connie first observes Friend, she notices his “shaggy black hair,” his “jalopy painted gold,” and his broad grin. As the narrative progresses, his features appear more ominous, his hair like a wig, his slitted eyes “like chips of broken glass” with “thick black tarlike” lashes when not covered by mirrored, but masking sunglasses ; and he looks older. Like Milton's Satan “crested aloft and Carbuncle his Eyes with burnished Neck of verdant Gold, erect,” Friend posited atop his golden jalopy, has a muscular neck which suggests the reptilian, as does the fact that he “slid” rather than stepped out of the car. His feet resemble the devil's cloven hooves: “One of his boots was at a strange angle, as if his foot wasn't in it.” … (pp. 201–02) Friend's mesmeric influence on Connie further supports my contention that he represents a superhuman force. “Don't you know who I am?” … he asks in an eery fashion, as if she had encountered him before, as one does evil. She is unable to make a telephone call for help because he is watching her; she bumps against a piece of furniture in a familiar room; and when he commands her to do what would otherwise seem an irrational act, to place her hand on her heart to understand its flaccidity, she readily obeys. His directives culminate when he convinces her, “What else is there for a girl like you but to be sweet and pretty and give in.” … The recurring use of a twentieth-century symbol of irony—the false smile—further veils the existential meaning in realistic narrative. Over the student drive-in hangs a “revolving figure of a grinning boy holding a hamburger aloft.” … And Friend intersperses smiles with threats.” … In the end, Oates makes it clear that Connie, in capitulating to Friend, is not simply surrendering her virginal innocence, but bowing to absolute forces which her youthful coquetry cannot direct—absolute forces over which she has no control. At this point she thinks for the first time in her life that her heart “was nothing that was hers … but just a pounding, living thing inside this body that wasn't really hers either.” … In the seduction which Friend engineers, Connie is merely the personification of the female he wishes to dominate, to be taller than, to despoil. The phrases he delivers from his musical repertoire are not even tailored to Connie: “`My sweet little blue-eyed girl' he said in a half-sung sigh that had nothing to do with her brown eyes.” …(p. 202) In the presentation of this complex narrative, the major characters represent two distinct personifications in the dual levels of the allegory. It is apparent that Friend represents the devil who tempts the chaste yet morally vacuous girl-victim. Yet upon closer analysis, it appears that Connie takes the active part as Everyman experiencing the inevitable realization of her insignificance and powerlessness while Friend, who personifies the Erinyes, is merely the catalyst. Although Oates uses the trappings of a realist to craft plausible characters—a dreamy teenaged girl, a hypnotic Manson-like man—and renders a facsimile of awkward adolescent behavior and speech, with contemporary youth's devotion to popular music as a convincing zeitgeist, this must not obscure her design. She presents an allegory which applies existential initiation rites to the Biblical seduction myth to represent Everyman's transition from the illusion of free will to the realization of externally determined fate. (pp. 202–03) Source Citation (MLA 7th Edition) Urbanski, Marie Mitchell Olesen. “Existential Allegory: Joyce Carol Oates 'Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?'.” Studies in Short Fiction (Spring 1978): 200-203. Rpt. in Contemporary Literary Criticism. Ed. Dedria Bryfonski. Vol. 11. Detroit: Gale Research, 1979. Literature Resource Center. Web. 2 July 2014. Document URL
Gale Document Number: GALE|H1100001514
English and Literature English 202 Online: Short Story Essay DirectionsPlease follow the directions shown below for your Short Story Essay. General DirectionsAs is indicated […]
Describe the nature of general tortious liability comparing and contrasting to contractual liability
You (Adrian), Ben and Cecile are the one of the three partners of the company ‘Business Logic’. Your main trade is to offer advice to companies on the best and cheapest goods or services available online. Your work is, therefore, to conduct extensive online searches and offer reliable information to companies within very short periods of time. In this context, please conduct research and answer the following questions to the best of your ability; Question 1 (Learning outcome: 1) Describe the nature of general tortious liability comparing and contrasting to contractual liability i. Client A is offering to you a bottle of expensive French champagne as a gift during the opening of your new premises in Amsterdam. The champagne is contaminated with chemical soap used to clean the bottles. As a result you fall ill. Can you sue the champagne company? Would your situation be different if you had bought the champagne yourself? Please compare contract and tort liability and explain the meaning and implications of the rule of privity. Question 2 (Learning outcome: 1) Explain the liability applicable to an occupier of premises Two days after the formal opening of your offices in Leidseplein at the third floor of a building, a woman and her three year old son come into your office. Your secretary instructs them to take a seat in the waiting room and wait for you to meet them. While they do so, however, the son touches an exposed electricity wire on the floor. It seems that your sub-contractor forgot to cover it up. i. Explain what is premises and who can be considered as an occupier of premises here. For present purposes, assume that the company does not have a separate legal personality. ii.Compare the liability of the occupier as regards the 8-year-old boy and his mother. What is the applicable legal standard? Question 3 (Learning outcome: 1) Discuss the nature of employer’s liability with reference to vicarious liability and health and safety implications A month after your company starts functioning; one of your secretaries decides to go out to the designated smoking area in the balcony for a cigarette break. Instead of putting out the cigarette in the ashtray, he throws it off the balcony and on to the balcony of the downstairs firm, where there is flammable material (carton box with paper). As a result a fire erupts and the downstairs company suffers serious damage; they need to shut down for a month, repaint their premises and throw away files and documents contaminated by smoke. i. What is the extent of your liability for the damage caused by your secretary, if he was one of your employees? ii.What would be the extent of your liability, if the secretary was an independent contractor? Question 4 (Learning outcome: 1) Distinguish strict liability from general tortious liability Your company failed to provide correct advice to a client because of carelessness. i. Explain whether your company would have strict or general tort liability, and analyse the difference between the two concepts. Question 5 (Learning outcome: 2) Explain and understand the application of the elements of the Tort of Negligence On your way to work, you are buying a café latte from the down stairs cafe. The milk used for your coffee has expired however, and you fall sick as a result of its consumption. i. What are the elements of the tort of negligence according to the Donoghue v. Stevenson Case? ii.How can they apply in the present case? Question 6 (Learning outcome: 2) Analyse the practical applications of particular elements of the Tort of Negligence i. Explain the difference between causation in fact and causation in law, and offer one case as an example of each. Question 7 (Learning outcome: 3) Describe the nature of International Business Entities, the registration and formation of such entities i. What is in your view the most important consequence of the veil of incorporation? Question 8 (Learning outcome: 3) Analyse the benefits of various International Corporate Entities Your company has failed to honour its agreement to provide timely advice to client A.
i. Explain the difference in liability if your company is an unregistered partnership or a limited liability company. Question 9 (Learning outcome: 3) Discuss the nature of the franchise relationship and the franchise agreement Business is not particularly booming. As a result, you and your partners are considering closing down the company and opening up a Samsung franchise in Amsterdam. i. What does ‘franchise agreement’ mean? ii.What are the advantages and disadvantages that you should be aware of before signing a franchise
agreement with a franchisor? Question 10 (Learning outcome: 4) Identify differing forms of intellectual property i. Your company has intellectual property rights over its photo albums, its name and its new keyboard, developed particularly for facilitating internet sales searches, called ‘Price Find’. Explain the forms of intellectual property available for each of these items and the duration of the protection. Question 11 (Learning outcome: 4) Apply and evaluate the principles relating to the protection of inventions through patent rights and their infringement in a given business scenario Your company has invented in the Netherlands a revolutionary new mechanism for cooling off computers. You are wondering whether it would be more beneficial for you to apply for a Dutch or a European Patent, according to the system of the European Patent Convention. You are particularly concerned of the possibility that someone in Turkey would copy your invention. i. Apply and evaluate the principles relating to the protection of inventions through patent rights according to the system of the European Patent Convention. Address the usefulness of filing an application for patent registration with the European Patent Office vis-a-vis a patent application filed with a national patent office. Question 12 (Learning outcome: 4) Apply and evaluate the principles relating to copyright protection and their infringement in a given business scenario You decide to take a day off and go to the movies with your best friend, Dominic. In the premiere of the film “Hobbit 2” in Pathe FilmTheatre in Amsterdam, Dominic uses a hidden camera and records the entire movie. When he arrives home, he digitalizes the film in a format appropriate for uploading on an internet file-sharing website. Later that night, he successfully uploads the film on the internet. In three days, more than 100,000 users have downloaded the film and even commented on the quality of his copy. i. Apply and evaluate the principles relating to copyright protection in these circumstances. In particular explain what is protected by copyright, as well as whether, in your view, there is an infringement of copyright in this case. Question 13 (Learning outcome: 4) Compare and contrast the protection of trademarks and business names Your company has the following registered trademark: Busin€ss Logic i. Explain the way in which company names are protected by trademark registration in the European Union. Identify in particular the applicable legal texts and the main principles established therein as regards trademark protection. Do you consider the existing framework of protection adequate? Why/why not? ii.As a new entrepreneur, would you be able to register your name (e.g. Eric De Clerk) as a trademark? Under what conditions, if any?
Describe the nature of general tortious liability comparing and contrasting to contractual liability Assignment Scenario You (Adrian), Ben and Cecile are the one of […]
Current Best Buy situation
Final Project: Management Perspectives on Best Buy [200-points] [Word]
Students will have a Final Project due the Tuesday of Week 8 – NOT Sunday!! Students MUST start this project in Week 1. Please note this is not a team project, and students are expected to allocate a few hours EACH week to this project. This assignment should be completed with purely a managerial perspective, though it has a decidedly strategic mindset.
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The objective of this project is for students to understand and evaluate a live business case from a mid-to-high level managerial perspective. Specifically, students are expected to familiarize themselves with the current situation at Best Buy. Students will be expected to do the following: (1) Review the Best Buy 10-k (Ticker BBY); (2) Surf the net and review a minimum of 50-sites and articles on BBY and their current dilemma; (3) Complete a retail store visit as the observational research component.
The final deliverable will be around 30-pages (including cover, works cited, etc.) and should follow the template below precisely:
PART 1 – Current Situation: What is going on with BBY? Why? Be specific. I have studied this case extensively for five years and know it inside and out, so please do not submit assertions. Please do not even think about completing this component until the 10-k has been read in totality and all of the research has been completed. Students should start keeping notes in Week 1. Any student waiting until Week 2 to start the research will be immediately behind. Every day students should live and breath BBY to see what is new, what media releases are available, what happened in the market. For the next eight weeks you all are senior managers.
PART 2 – Risk Factors & Validated Problems: Students need to rank order what they see as the top 20 problems facing the executives at BBY. Be detailed to explain each problem at length, whether or not it is controllable and to what extent it has, is, or will further materially impact the operations of BBY. While the 10-k will be helpful, be sure to conduct further research.
PART 3 – Management Perspectives & Solutions: Students need to share managerial perspectives on the aforementioned problems. Specifically, students will take the top 5-problems, offer perspective on the severity of the scenario, and develop a potential solution(s) for each one. Be detailed. Think critically. This is your chance to be an executive.
Current Best Buy situation Final Project: Management Perspectives on Best Buy [200-points] [Word]Students will have a Final Project due the Tuesday of Week 8 […]
FINA 408 Individual Final Company Analysis Project The Final Company Analysis Project is worth 30% of your final grade in the course. The paper is graded on a 100-point scale. The following describes the breakdown of points available: 25 points for ORGANIZATION This is a long and complicated paper, so it is essential that you are organized in your presentation of the information. Please be sure to present each item in the order suggested by the outline and have clear headings and sub-headings to make it easy to follow. Also, it is important to organize the paper in a way that prevents the reader from having to flip back and forth from one section to another to follow the discussion (e.g., ensure that each ratio/calculation is discussed immediately after it is presented, rather than having a separate table elsewhere in the report. To receive the full amount of points for this category, be sure to provide thorough discussion of your analysis process and an explanation of what the ration/calculation means. It is important to demonstrate that you have a good understanding of why each calculation was done, and what information can be learned from it. Also, in this section I remove points for any situation where I feel that the analysis presented is not the students’ original work (i.e., taken from another source without attribution.) While you can certainly refer to other analysts’ work regarding your company, please be sure to conduct your own analyses and draw your own conclusions throughout the paper. 25 points for THOROUGHNESS In order to receive the full amount of points available for this portion of the paper, you must include every item listed on the general outline provided at the beginning of the course. Points will be removed if any item is missing from the analysis. In this category, I am assessing the extent to which the entire report provides a complete analysis of the company, utilizing the steps we practiced throughout the course. Do you tie it all together with connecting themes and findings? Or, is it just a list of the various calculations with a sentence or two in between explaining each. A successful paper will present a congruous and thorough analysis of the company with insightful and thoughtful commentary throughout. The most recent data should be used in your analyses (i.e., data from the most recently-filed Form 10-K). For all calculations, show each formula used as well as the numbers used in the formula. Explain any assumptions made and provide justifications for your assumptions. Cite any sources used other than the company’s SEC filings. The following is an outline for your individual project: I. Governance and Communication Analysis i. Listen to a recording of an analyst call (AKA earnings call or quarterly conference call) for your company. Listen to about 15-20 minutes of the call and write a summary of your observations, including any questions that you might have wanted to ask the CEO/CFO, etc. b. Answer and discuss the importance of the following: i. Who is the company’s current CEO? Is he or she also the Chair of the Board? ii. Who serves on the board’s Audit Committee? How many members are Financial Experts? What experience qualifies them for that designation? iii. What was the CEO paid last year? What portion of his or her total pay was in the form of bonus? In the form of stock-based awards? What performance measures were used to determine the CEO’s pay? iv. Who or what entity holds the highest percentage of the company's stock? Are most of the beneficial owners reported individuals or institutions? v. How many common shares are outstanding? Is there more than one class of common stock outstanding? If so how many votes do each share of each class get? c. Discuss your opinion regarding the effectiveness of the governance and communication of the company. II. Industry and Strategy Analysis 1. Rivalry among existing firms 2. Threat of new entrants b. Company Strategy Analysis i. Is your company following a Low Cost Leader or a Product/Service Differentiation Strategy? ii. How should this impact their financials? III. Accounting and Financial Analysis a. Recasted Income Statement (3 years) b. Recasted Balance Sheet (3 years) c. Common Size Income Statement (3 years) d. DuPont Analysis (1 year) e. Profitability Analysis (3 years) iv. Accounts Receivable Turnover vi. Accounts Payable Turnover vii. Fixed Assets Turnover f. Risk Analysis (3 years) iv. Liabilities-to-Equity Ratio vi. Interest Coverage (Earnings Basis) vii. Dividend Payout Ratio viii. Sustainable Growth Rate a. Calculate projected operating profit for the company for the next five years based on forecasted income statements. b. Explain the process and assumptions used to make the forecasts for each line item of the forecasted income statements. a. Use the CAPM to compute the required rate of return on equity capital for the company. b. Determine the cost of debt (if any) and the cost of preferred stock (if any) c. Compute the weighted average cost of capital for the company as of the start of the next fiscal year. d. Discuss how this would be used to estimate the value of the company
Finance FINA 408 Individual Final Company Analysis Project Grading Guidelines The Final Company Analysis Project is worth 30% of your final grade in the […]
What is the difference between cultural intelligence (CQ) and cultural knowledge
Must be 4-6 paragraph long.
What is the difference between cultural intelligence (CQ) and cultural knowledge?
From the film EMPIRE OF THE SUN, describe how Jim (protagonist) gains cultural
intelligence. Include many specific examples and explain in detail what influenced his cultural education before and after the Japanese invasion to Shanghai, China. Describe the levels of CQ shown by some of the Japanese characters from the film. In relation to CQ, briefly explain the xenophobic effects on Chinese and Japanese people as a result of Western colonialist and corporate influences in the East Asia before World war II. How did such influences contributes to the expansion of Japan's empire and the outbreak of war during the 1930s?
What is the difference between cultural intelligence (CQ) and cultural knowledge Must be 4-6 paragraph long. What is the difference between cultural intelligence (CQ) […]