Why were composers interested in expanding the symphony orchestra in the 19th century (up to c. 1911)? Illustrate your answer with specific examples. (CP)

Essay (2000 words, plus annotated bibliography required 1000 words – 10 items, annotations 100 words each) on one of the topics listed below:

Revolutions essay questions 2014
For all questions, you must refer in detail to at least two musical works 

Choose one question:

1. Why were composers interested in expanding the symphony orchestra in the 19th century (up to c. 1911)? Illustrate your answer with specific examples. (CP)

2. Discuss the notion that music has been driven by changes in technology, using specific examples from both the 19th century and the 20th/21st centuries. (CP)

3. How has 20th- and 21st-century music drawn on visual arts and/or literature? Refer in detail to specific examples and to relevant theorists and/or historical evidence. (CP)

4. Discuss the notion that experimental approaches to making music have been crucial in the 20th century. (CP)

5. Discuss the musical and literary circumstances that led to the development of the madrigal. (IvE)

6. Discuss the notion of musical affect in the German Baroque and relate it to musical affect in the Italian Renaissance. (IvE)

7. Discuss the relation between musical identification processes and musical fandom. (IvE)

8. Discuss the relation between musical identification processes and musical subculture. (IvE)

9. Discuss the ways in which music can support visual or interactive narratives. (IvE)

Criteria for assessment
1. Cognition: knowledge of relevant repertoire and relevant academic approaches
2. Descriptive analytical skills: application of this knowledge to the selected examples
3. Critical analytical skills: adequate positioning of chosen approach within current academic debate
4. Argumentation skills: clarity, structure and coherence of argument
5. Academic writing skills: quality of written English, referencing, annotation

No more than 3300, no less than 2700