What is the difference between deontology and consequentialismUsing a 12-point font, standard margins and double spacing, answer the following four questions in
a Word document or PDF of no more than 3 pages. The first three questions should be answered
in clear, concise prose; be sure to define your terms, explain why one thing follows from another,
and above all answer the question! The fourth should consist of four complete sentences of the
form provided below.
Plagiarism and cheating will not be tolerated. Any time you use someone else’s ideas and present
them as your own, you are cheating. It is your responsibility to understand the University’s Guide to
Academic Honesty: http://www.umass.edu/dean_students/codeofconduct/acadhonesty/. You may
be surprised by what constitutes plagiarism, so be sure to see Appendix B.

You may not use the internet when you write your assignments; you will not succeed if you
think you can go to the internet for “the right answers.” The best thing you can do is engage with
the texts, and answer the essay questions based on your own thoughts and intuitions. Philosophy is
not the sort of thing you learn through data or research, but by doing it yourself. Your job is not to
make a play list by gathering other people’s ideas online, but to create an original composition of
your own.1 Every assignment is designed for you to practice philosophy yourself with nothing more
than the material on the syllabus.
1. What is the difference between deontology and consequentialism? Imagine that a friend is
being pursued by evil forces (e.g., Nazis, Voldemort) and you are called upon to lie on her
behalf. What would Kant say about this action? How would Kant go about determining
whether it is right ? What would Bentham say about this action? How would Bentham go
about determining whether the action is right? (NB: this question is worth 40 points)
2. What is virtue ethics? How does it differ from consequentialism and deontology? What
determines whether an action is good according to Aristotle? What is the definition of
virtue in Nicomachean Ethics II.6?
3. What is Rawls’ conception of justice as fairness? What are the two principles of justice, and
why does Rawls think would everyone agree to them in the original position?
4. Describe Mackie’s moral skepticism. How does Mackie stand in contrast to all the other
authors in this segment?